Section 9.6. Doors

9.6.1. General

9.6.1.1. Application

(1) This Section applies to doors, to glazed areas in doors and to sidelights for doors.

9.6.2. Required Doors

9.6.2.1. Doors for Dwelling Units

(1) A door shall be provided at each entrance to a dwelling unit and to each room containing a water closet within a dwelling unit.

9.6.3. Doorway Sizes

9.6.3.1. Doorway Opening Sizes

(1) Except as provided in Articles 9.6.3.3., 9.9.6.2. and 9.9.6.3., doorway openings within dwelling units shall be designed to accommodate at least the door sizes in Table 9.6.3.1. for swing-type doors or folding doors.

Table 9.6.3.1.
Minimum Size of Door
Forming Part of Sentence 9.6.3.1.(1)

9.6.3.2. Doors to Public Water-Closet Rooms

(1) Doors to public water-closet rooms shall be not less than 810 mm (2 ft 8 in) wide and 2 030 mm (6 ft 8 in) high.

9.6.3.3. Doors to Bathrooms

(1) Where a barrier-free path of travel conforming to Section 3.8. is provided into a suite of residential occupancy and where a bathroom within the suite is at the level of the suite entrance door, the doorway to such bathroom and to each bedroom at the same level as such bathroom shall have, when the door is in the open position, a clear width of not less than, (a) 760 mm (2 ft 6 in) where the door is served by a corridor or space not less than 1 060 mm (3 ft 6 in) wide, and
(b) 810 mm (2 ft 8 in) where the door is served by a corridor or space less than 1 060 mm (3 ft 6 in) wide.

9.6.4. Door Sill Height

9.6.4.1. Height of Door Sills Above Floors or Ground

(1) Doors in buildings of residential occupancy, where the finished floor on one side of the door is more than 600 mm (235/s in) above the floor or other surface or ground level on the other side of the door, shall be protected by,
(a) a guard, in accordance with Subsection 9.8.8., or
(b) a mechanism capable of controlling the free swinging or sliding of the door so as to limit any clear unobstructed opening to not more than 100 mm (4 in).

9.6.5. Exterior Doors

9.6.5.1. Exterior Wood Flush Doors

(1) Exterior wood flush doors shall conform to CAN/CSA-O132.2 Series, "Wood Flush Doors".
(2) Each door described in Sentence (1) shall indicate legibly,
(a) the name of the manufacturer,
(b) the standard to which it is produced, and
(c) that it is of an exterior type.

9.6.5.2. Sliding Doors

(1) Sliding doors shall conform to CAN/CGSB-82.1-M, "Sliding Doors".

9.6.5.3. Insulated Steel Doors

(1) Insulated steel doors shall conform to CAN/CGSB-82.5-M, "Insulated Steel Doors".

9.6.5.4. Air Infiltration for Exterior Swing Type Doors

(1) Except where a door is weather-stripped on all edges, and protected with a storm door, or by an enclosed unheated space, an exterior swing type door assemblies shall have a rate of air infiltration not exceeding 1.16 L/s (2.46 cfm) for each metre of crack length when tested at a pressure differential of 75 Pa (0.011 psi) in conformance with ASTM E283, "Determining the Rate of Air Leakage Through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under Specified Pressure Differences Across the Specimen".

9.6.5.5. Air Infiltration for Patio Type Sliding Doors

(1) A patio type sliding glass door shall have a rate of air infiltration not exceeding 3.8 L/s (8.05 cfm) for each square metre of door area when tested in conformance with ASTM E283, "Determining the Rate of Air Leakage Through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under Specified Pressure Differences Across the Specimen".

9.6.5.6. Weather Stripping

(1) In buildings of residential occupancy weather stripping shall be provided around all exterior doors except garage doors.

9.6.6. Glass

9.6.6.1. Maximum Area of Glass

(1) The maximum area of individual panes of glass for doors shall conform to Table 9.6.6.1.

Table 9.6.6.1.
Maximum Glass Area for Doors2
Forming Part of Sentence 9.6.6.1.(1)

9.6.6.2. Glass in Doors and Sidelights

(1) Glass in doors and sidelights for doors shall conform to Sentence 9.7.3.1.(1).
(2) Glass in sidelights greater than 500 mm (193/4in) wide that could be mistaken for doors, glass in storm doors and glass in sliding doors within or at every entrance to a dwelling unit and in public areas shall be,
(a) safety glass of the tempered or laminated type conforming to CAN/CGSB-12.1-M, "Tempered or Laminated Safety Glass", or (b) wired glass conforming to CAN/CGSB-12.11-M, "Wired Safety Glass".
(3) Except as provided in Article 9.7.5.2., glass in entrance doors to dwelling units and in public areas other than the entrance door described in Sentence (2), shall be safety glass or wired glass of the type described in Sentence (2) where the glass area exceeds 0.5 m2 (5.4 ft2) and extends to less than 900 mm (2 ft 11 in) from the bottom of the door.

9.6.6.3. Mirrored Glass Doors

(1) Mirrored glass doors are permitted to be used only at the entrance to clothes closets and shall conform to the requirements of CAN/CGSB-82.6-M, "Doors, Mirrored Glass, Sliding or Folding Wardrobe". (See Appendix A.)
(2) Mirrored glass doors reinforced with a film backing shall meet the impact resistance requirements specified in CAN/CGSB-12.5-M, "Mirrors, Silvered".

9.6.6.4. Visibility of Glass or Transparent Doors

(1) Except as provided in Article 9.7.5.2., every glass or transparent door accessible to the public shall be equipped with hardware, bars or other permanent fixtures designed so that the existence and position of such door will be readily apparent. 9.6.6.5. Glass for Shower or Bathtub Enclosures
(1) Glass other than safety glass shall not be used for a shower or bathtub enclosure.

9.6.7. Thermal Breaks

9.6.7.1. Application

(1) This Subsection applies to doors and sidelights separating heated space from unheated space or the exterior. 9.6.7.2. Required Thermal Breaks
(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), metal frames for doors, for glazing in doors, and for sidelights for doors shall incorporate a thermal break.
(2) Thermal breaks need not be installed in accordance with Sentence (1) where the doors are,
(a) garage doors,
(b) storm doors, or
(c) doors that are required to have afire-resistance rating.

9.6.8. Resistance to Forced Entry

9.6.8.1. Application (See Appendix A.)

(1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), this Subsection applies to,
(a) swinging entrance doors to dwelling units,
(b) swinging doors between dwelling units and attached garages or other ancillary spaces, and
(c) swinging doors that provide access directly or indirectly from a storage garage to a dwelling unit.
(2) Sentence (1) does not apply to exterior doors to garages and to other ancillary spaces.

9.6.8.2. Wood Doors

(1) Except as permitted in Article 9.6.8.10., wood doors as described in Sentence 9.6.8.1.(1) shall,
(a) be solid core or stile and rail type,
(b) be not less than 45 mm (13/4 in) thick, and
(c) if of the stile and rail panel type, have a panel thickness of not less than 19 mm (3/4 in), with a total panel area not more than half of the door area.

9.6.8.3. Deadbolt Lock

(1) Except as permitted in Article 9.6.8.10., doors described in Sentence 9.6.8.1 .(1) shall be provided with a deadbolt lock with a cylinder having no fewer than 5 pins and a bolt throw not less than 25 mm (1 in), protected with a solid or hardened free-turning ring or bevelled cylinder housing.

9.6.8.4. Double Doors

(1) Except as permitted in Article 9.6.8.10., an inactive leaf in double doors used in locations specified in Sentence 9.6.8. l.(l) shall be provided with heavy duty bolts top and bottom having an engagement of not less than 15 mm (5/s in).

9.6.8.5. Fastening of Hinges

(1) Except as permitted in Article 9.6.8.10., hinges for doors in Sentence 9.6.8.1 .(1) shall be fastened to wood doors with wood screws not less than 25 mm (1 in) long and to wood frames with wood screws such that at least two screws per hinge penetrate not less than 30 mm (1 !4 in) into solid wood. (See Appendix A.)
(2) Except as permitted in Article 9.6.8.10., hinges for doors in Sentence 9.6.8.1 .(1) shall be fastened to metal doors and metal frames with machine screws not smaller than No. 8 and not less than 10 mm (3/s in) long.

9.6.8.6. Fastening of Strike-plates

(1) Except as permitted in Article 9.6.8.10., Strike-plates for deadbolts described in Sentence 9.6.8.3.(1) shall be fastened to wood frames with wood screws that penetrate not less than 30 mm (11A in) into solid wood.
(2) Except as permitted in Article 9.6.8.10., Strike-plates for deadbolts in Sentence 9.6.8.3.(1) shall be fastened to metal frames with machine screws not smaller than No. 8 and not less than 10 mm (% in) long.

9.6.8.7. Outward Swinging Doors

(1) Except for storm doors or screen doors, doors described in Sentence 9.6.8.1.(1) that swing outward shall be provided with hinges or pins so that the doors cannot be removed when they are in the closed position. (See Appendix A.)

9.6.8.8. Door Viewer

(1) Main entrance doors to dwelling units shall be provided with,
(a) a door viewer or transparent glazing in the door, or
(b) a sidelight.

9.6.8.9. Solid Blocking

(1) Solid blocking shall be provided on both sides at the lock height between the jambs for doors described in Sentence 9.6.8. l.(l) and the structural framing so that the jambs will resist spreading by force.

9.6.8.10. Alternate Test Procedure

(1) Doors, frames and hardware that conform to a security level of at least Grade 10 as described in the Annex to ASTM F476, "Security of Swinging Door Assemblies", are not required to conform to Articles 9.6.8.2. to 9.6.8.6. (See Appendix A.)